Adam Smith, paladin de los liberales (textuales)
Extractos textuales del libro “La riqueza de las naciones”. Me da fiaca traducir todo, pero básicamente lo que afirma es que el mercado todo lo regula (él solito). Por ejemplo, la mano de obra: cuando hay puestos de trabajo disponibles hay que incentivar a los pobres para que tengan hijos. Cuando todos esos puestos se cubran, la mano de obra que sobra, se morirá o será destruida, y listo. ¡Qué tanto problema!
Every species of animals naturally multiplies in proportion to the means of their subsistence, and no species can ever multiply beyond it. But in civilised society it is only among the inferior ranks of people that the scantiness of subsistence can set limits to the further multiplication of the human species; and it can do so in no other way than by destroying a great part of the children which their fruitful marriages produce.
The liberal reward of labour, by enabling them to provide better for their children, and consequently to bring up a greater number, naturally tends to widen and extend those limits. It deserves to be remarked, too, that it necessarily does this as nearly as possible in the proportion which the demand for labour requires. If this demand is continually increasing, the reward of labour must necessarily encourage in such a manner the marriage and multiplication of labourers, as may enable them to supply that continually increasing demand by a continually increasing population. If the reward should at any time be less than what was requisite for this purpose, the deficiency of hands would soon raise it; and if it should at any time be more, their excessive multiplication would soon lower it to this necessary rate. The market would be so much understocked with labour in the one case, and so much overstocked in the other, as would soon force back its price to that proper rate which the circumstances of the society required. It is in this manner that the demand for men, like that for any other commodity, necessarily regulates the production of men; quickens it when it goes on too slowly, and stops it when it advances too fast.
Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Book I. Chapter 8: Of the Wages of Labour.